Many peoples are shocked to discover that puppies can be taught easy tasks. This is especially true if their upbringing was deficient in instruction. You can do numerous things to housebreak your puppy and help him develop good manners.
The care of a puppy is complex. They bite, defecate in the house, and bark continuously. Training your puppy can restore order to your home and pave the way for a beautiful relationship with your new canine. You must adhere to these training instructions when you bring your puppy home.
How to Instruct a Puppy to Return When Called?
You should begin training a recall (come when called) indoors and in a peaceful place. While sitting with your dog, call his name or the word “come.”
- When you say “come” or “name,” reward your dog. He is not required to do anything just yet! Repeat the word and provide a reward. Easy!
- Next, place a goodie on the ground nearby. Repeat his name as soon as your dog finishes the treat on the ground. When he looks up, provide an additional reward.
- Repeat this a few times until you can toss the treat further away, and he turns to face you when you call his name. Avoid repeating your puppy’s name when he does not reply; doing so makes it simpler for him to disregard it. Instead, walk closer to your puppy and return to a phase where he initially successfully responded to his name.
- Once your dog can turn around to face you, add movement and make the game more entertaining. Toss a reward on the ground and call your dog’s name while taking a few short steps away. They should pursue you because the pursuit is enjoyable!
- When they capture you, lavish them with praise, treats, or tug-of-war play. Visiting you should be enjoyable! Continue developing these games by incorporating longer distances and new locales. At the beginning of outdoor training (always in a safe, contained environment), keeping your puppy on a long leash may be beneficial.
When your dog approaches you, avoid grabbing him. This can be not very comforting or puzzling for some dogs. If your puppy is cautious, you should crouch and come from the side while offering treats while reaching for the collar.
Never discipline your dog! This will tell him that he should avoid you because you are unpredictable. Always lavishly thank your dog for responding to their name, even if they have been mischievous!
How to Train a Puppy to Walk Loose-Leash
In competitive obedience training, “heel” indicates that the dog is walking on your left side with his head even with your knee and the leash held lightly. The objective of puppy training should be for the puppy to walk politely on a loose leash without pulling. Some trainers choose to use the phrases “let’s move” or “forward” rather than “heel” while training this effortless manner of walking together.
Be consistent with your choice of cue and always use the same term. Whether your puppy walks on your left or right side is entirely your decision. However, be consistent with where you want them to go, so they do not become confused and learn to zigzag in front of you.
- Initially, ensure that your puppy is comfortable wearing a leash. This can initially seem strange, and some puppies may attempt to bite the leash. Give your pet goodies each time you attach the leash.
- Then, stand next to your puppy with the leash looped loosely around your leg and reward him with multiple biscuits for standing or sitting next to your leg.
- As he catches up, give him another gift to encourage him to continue following.
- As you walk ahead, continue to provide your puppy treats at your knee or hip level.
- When he rushes in front of you, turn around, call him to you, and treat him on the spot. Then proceed. Gradually begin spacing out the sweets (from every step to every other step, every third step, and so on).
- Your dog will eventually walk contentedly by your side anytime he is on a leash. On walks, give your puppy ample opportunity to sniff and “smell the roses.” When they have finished sniffing, say “Let’s Go!” in a joyful tone and reward them for returning to position and walking alongside you.
How a Puppy Can Be Taught to Sit
There are two distinct ways to teach your dog what “sit” implies. The first technique is known as capture.
- Position yourself in front of your puppy while holding some of his food or goodies.
- When he sits, say “yes” and provide him a treat.
- Step backward or to the side to urge him to stand, and then wait for him to sit.
- As soon as they are seated, provide another treat.
- After a few repetitions, you can begin to say “sit” as soon as he sits down.
The following option is known as enticing.
- Squat before your puppy while holding a treat as a trap.
- Place the reward directly in front of the dog’s nose and slowly raise it above his head. He will likely sit as he nibbles on the reward with his head raised.
- Allow him to consume the treat when he touches the ground with his bottom.
- Repeat once or twice with the food lure, remove the food, and use your empty palm to treat the puppy once he sits.
- Once he knows the hand signal for sitting, you can begin to say “sit” immediately before giving the hand signal.
How to Instruct a Canine to Lie Down
“Down” can be taught similarly to “sit.”
- You may wait until your puppy lays down.
- Capture the behavior by rewarding your dog when he lies down with a goodie.
- Give him his release cue to stand up again (and, if necessary, encourage him with a trap), and then wait for him to lie down again.
- When he is lying down immediately after standing up, you can begin saying “down” just before his action.
- You can also coax a from a seated or standing position.
- Hold a goodie close to the dog’s nose and lower it carefully to the ground.
- Offer the treat as soon as the dog’s elbows hit the floor.
- After a few repetitions, bring your empty hand to the floor and offer the gift AFTER he has laid down.
- When he can dependably follow your hand signal, say “down” while moving your hand.
How to Instruct a Puppy to Stay
A puppy who understands the “stay” command will remain seated until you give him another cue, termed the “release word,” to get up. Being stationary is a duration behavior. The objective is to educate your puppy to sit until the release cue is delivered, after which you can add distance.
- Teach the release word first. Choose a suitable term, such as “OK” or “free.”
- Stand with your dog in a sit or stand, toss a treat on the ground, and say your command as he approaches the goodie.
- Repeat this a few times until you can pronounce the word first, and then throw the treat after he moves. This teaches the puppy that the release cue signifies foot movement.
- When your puppy understands the release cue and how to sit on cue, place him in a sit, face him, and reward him with a goodie.
- Pause, give him another treat for remaining in a sit, and then let him go.
- Gradually increase the time between treats (it may help to sing the ABCs and work your way up the alphabet in your brain).
- It is acceptable if your puppy rises before the release cue! It simply indicates that he is not ready to sit for so long. Therefore you can make it simpler by reducing the time.
- Once your puppy can maintain a sit for many seconds, you can introduce distance.
- Place the puppy in a sit position and say, “stay.” Take one step back, then return to the puppy with a treat and the release command.
- Continue to build in little increments, ensuring that your puppy can continue to succeed. Both facing him and walking away with your back to him should be practiced (which is more realistic).
Once your dog can remain still, you can progressively extend the distance. This holds for the “sit” as well. The more thoroughly he masters it, the longer he can sit.
The goal is not to anticipate too much too quickly. To attain your training goals incrementally, you may need to slow down and concentrate on one thing at a time. To ensure that training is effective, sessions should be brief and productive.
In conclusion, many simple things can be done to help a new puppy adjust and learn. These tips will help make the transition smoother for the puppy and their new family.